L.Dugerjav said he did his work at a Bulgarian research station on Livingston Island. He took part in mapping work on the island and in an EU project to monitor temperatures. He said the latter project could assist researchers studying climate change in Mongolia and globally. L.Dugerjav answered a correspondent’s questions.
-Q: What was the purpose of your research and what countries’ scholars worked on the research team?
-A: Researchers from ten countries worked on the research team. The research has the goal of measuring global climate change, and I measured temperature changes and made geological drawings.
-Q: What was the temperature?
-A: The average maximum temperature in the Antarctic is -50 and the minimum is -90. But in summer it’s sometimes 0 degrees because of the ocean climate. People can live on the shore in the summer.
-Q: I heard you had been to the Antarctic two times before this trip. What did you research before?
-A: The first trip was difficult and the next trips were easier. But it is difficult to go 25,000 km away without plane and car travel. The way to the Antarctic is through four continents and three or four oceans. The last research work was special because I led a research team. We have planned to go with a team of two or three researchers from the University of Science and Technology in 2012 and 2013.
-Q: You have said that Mongolia will build a research base in the Antarctic. When?
-A: We have a plan to build our research base there. But it needs much capital. We could use some bases that have stopped activities there. There are 43 working research bases from 34 countries.
-Q: What purposes does Antarctic research serve?
-A: Research has been done in mineral resources, exploitation feasibility, global climate change, and the possibility of people living there in the future.
-Q: You took a ger to the Antarctic. Was it suited for the climate?
-A: My friend gave me a ger that has space for two people. I lived in the ger but it was difficult during strong winds. -
Q: When will you go back to the Antarctic again?
-A: I have planned to go to the Antarctic with two researchers in October.
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